Zaštita žrtava nasilja podiže se na viši nivo

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Narodna skupština Republike Srpske je na sjednici održanoj u petak 27. septembra 2019. godine, jednoglasno usvojila Prijedlog zakona o izmjenama i dopunama Zakona o zaštiti od nasilja u porodici.

Udruženje građana „Budućnost“ od svog osnivanja štiti žene i djecu žrtve nasilja, te kroz praksu ima jasnu sliku koji su to nedostaci u Zakonu o zaštiti od nasilja u porodici, te se trudi ukazati na potrebne izmjene onog što ne funkcioniše.

Ono na šta smo posebno ponosni jeste činjenica da su usvojene sve inicijative za izmjenu zakona predložene od strane poslanice Gordane Vidović, žene koja je 1996. godine i osnovala UG "Budućnost" vjerujući u bolje sutra za sve žrtve nasilja.

Gordana je takođe iskoristila priliku, kada se razgovaralo o nacrtu Zakona o sudskim taksama, da ukaže na to da bi taksa na tužbu za razvod braka koja iznosi 200 KM, kao i takse za presude, trebalo ukinuti jer su previsoke, na šta joj je odgovorio sam ministar pravde Anton Kasipović rekavši da će njena sugestija biti usvojena.

A šta ustvari znače usvojene izmjene i dopune Zakona o zaštiti od nasilja u porodici? 

Zaštita žrtava nasilja u porodici podiže se na viši nivo, kroz strožiji odgovor društva prema učiniocima nasilja i to procesuiranjem istih samo u krivičnom postupku, čime se eliminiše se dosadašnja paralelna mogućnost da se učinilac nasilja u porodici kazni prekršajnopravno.

Zakonom je naglašena obaveza svih subjekata zaštite da u procesu zaštite, pomoći i podrške žrtvama nasilja u porodici sarađuju u najboljem interesu žrtve, te da na nivou jedinice lokalne samouprave zaključuju protokole o postupanju i obrazuju grupu za koordinaciju i saradnju od predstavnika svih ustanova, organa i organizacija koje pružaju zaštitu, pomoć i podršku žrtvama nasilja u porodici.

Uvodi se obaveza svim subjektima zaštite da obavijeste žrtvu, na njoj razumljiv način, o svim pravima koja ima u skladu sa ovim i drugim zakonima i o institucijama, organima, pravnim licima i organizacijama koji pružaju pomoć, podršku i zaštitu, kao i obaveza da se po svakoj prijavi nasilja u porodici, procjenjuje rizik od ponavljanja nasilja i da se, u skladu sa ovom procjenom, planira preduzimanje potrebnih radnji i mjera u pravcu sprečavanja učinioca da ponovi nasilje i zaštiti žrtva.

Uvodi i pravo žrtve na pratnju lica u koje ima povjerenje pri preduzimanju svih radnji u postupcima u kojima žrtva ostvaruje svoja prava, odnosno obaveza subjektima zaštite da omoguće prisustvo ovog lica.

Proširen je krug lica koja uživaju zaštitu prema odredbama ovog zakona.

Pristupom koji odvaja pomoć, podršku i zaštitu žrtava nasilja u porodici i propisuje ih Zakonom o zaštiti od nasilja u porodici, od sankcionisanja učinioca koje se propisuje Кrivičnim zakonikom Republike Srpske, dobija se bolja zaštita žrtve i efektniji i stroži odgovor društva prema učiniocu nasilja.

Sve navedene izmjene i dopune će pozitivno uticati na socijalnu uključenost žrtava nasilja u porodici i smanjenje kršenja njihovih ustavom i zakonima zagarantovanih osnovnih ljudskih prava i sloboda.

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At its session held on Friday 27 September 2019, the National Assembly of the Republika Srpska unanimously adopted the Bill Amending the Law on Protection against Domestic Violence.

Citizens' Association Buducnost has been protecting women and children victims of violence since its inception, and through practice has a clear picture of the shortcomings in the Law on Protection against Domestic Violence, and tries to point out necessary changes to what does not work.

What we are particularly proud of is the fact that all the initiatives to amend the law have been adopted, proposed by member of Parliament Gordana Vidovic, the woman who founded the Buducnost in 1996, believing in a better tomorrow for all victims of violence.

Gordana also took the opportunity, when discussing the draft Law on Court Fees, to indicate that the fee for a divorce lawsuit of 200 BAM, as well as the fees for judgments, should be abolished because they are too high, and the Minister of JusticeAnton Kasipovic himself said that her suggestion will be adopted. 

And what do the adopted amendments to the Law on Protection against Domestic Violence really mean?

The protection of victims of domestic violence is raised to a higher level, through a stricter response of the society to the perpetrators of violence, and by prosecuting them only in criminal proceedings, thus eliminating the parallel possibility of punishing the perpetrator of domestic violence by a criminal offense.

An obligation is imposed on all protection entities to inform the victim, in an understandable way, of all the rights he or she has under this and other laws, and to the institutions, bodies, legal entities and organizations providing assistance, support and protection, as well as the obligation to each report of domestic violence, assesses the risk of recurrence of violence and plans, in accordance with this assessment, to take the necessary actions and measures to prevent the perpetrator from repeating the violence and to protect the victim.

The law emphasizes the obligation of all protection entities to cooperate in the best interests of the victim in the process of protection, assistance and support for victims of domestic violence, and to conclude treatment protocols and establish a coordination and cooperation group at the level of the local self-government unit from representatives of all institutions, bodies and  organizations that provide protection, assistance and support to victims of domestic violence.

It also introduces the right of the victim to accompany a person he / she trusts in undertaking all actions in the procedures in which the victim exercises his / her rights, that is, the obligation on the subjects of protection to allow the presence of this person.

The circle of persons who need protection under the provisions of this law has been expanded.

All these amendments will positively affect the social inclusion of victims of domestic violence and reduce the violation of their constitutional and statutory fundamental human rights.

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